The Scottish Government’s summary of statistics trends for the labour market includes
a table of average earnings for different occupations. For example Managers and senior
officials: £33,000. Skilled trades occupations: £21,500. Process, plant and machine
“In 2006 the median gross annual full time income in Scotland was £22,603, up from
£21,312 in 2005. However earnings differ considerably by type of occupation...”
Manufacturing and the economy
Employment growth will continue to be strongest in jobs that need higher levels of
skills and qualifications.
Managerial, professional and technical occupations accounted for 620,000 jobs in
1981, or 27% of the total. In 2004, these occupations accounted for 985,000 jobs,
which was 39% of the total.
Despite a projected decline in employment in some industries, there will be job opportunities
to 2009 across all industrial sectors. This occurs as employers seek to replace workers
who leave the labour market.
There will continue to be an increased demand for workers with higher-level qualifications,
particularly at SVQ Level 3 and above. There will be a decreasing demand for workers
with qualifications at SVQ Level 2 or below. The number of working age people with
Level 4 and above qualifications is projected to increase.
Scottish manufactured export sales decreased by 5.1 % in real terms in the third
quarter of 2007 (seasonally adjusted) and grew by 4.3 % over the year to 2007 Q3.
Over the quarter, the main industry contributing to the decrease in manufactured
export sales was engineering which fell by 15.7 % over the latest quarter following
particularly high growth in the previous quarter.
Industries also experiencing decline over the latest quarter were: chemicals & refined
petroleum (-8.9%); food & tobacco (-13.0%); and textiles, fur & leather (-1.2%).
Industries showing growth in real terms were: drinks (+20.9%); wood, paper, publishing
& printing (+6.1%); other manufacturing (+2.6%); and metals & metal products (+1.4%).
Over the year, engineering and drink were the main industries contributing to the
growth in manufactured export sales, with annual growths of 6.5 % and 9.6 % respectively.
Metals & metal products (+10.4%) and wood, paper, publishing & printing (+11.0%)
also showed strong growth over the year.
The main industry showing a decline in manufactured export sales in real terms over
the year was chemicals, with an annual decline of 7.5 %.
Food & tobacco (-17.1%), textiles, fur & leather (-5.3%), other manufacturing (-5.1%)
and electrical & instrument engineering (-0.1%) also fell over the year.
Longer Term Trends
Over 1995 Q1 to 2000 Q4, the index of manufactured exports exhibited a period of
strong growth (1.9% average quarterly growth).
This was followed by a sustained period of decline from 2000 Q4 (2.7% average quarterly
Since the end of 2004, there has been evidence of growth in manufactured export sales.
The growth and decline in manufactured exports over the period 1995-2004 is largely
explained by the electrical and instrument engineering sector. This grew by 95.7
% between 1995 and 2000 and fell by 66.2 % between 2000 Q4 and 2004 Q4.
At its peak in 2000, the electrical and instrument engineering sector accounted for
58 % of Scotland's manufactured exports.
This industry remains Scotland's largest exporting sector and accounted for 33.7
% of Scotland's total manufactured exports in 2006.
The UK has the world's largest aerospace industry outside the USA.
With a turnover of more than £22 billion in 2005, it supports a highly skilled workforce
of over 276,000. Aerospace is the second largest contributor to the UK economy after
pharmaceuticals. The UK has around 13% of the world market.
With around 10% of the UK aerospace industry in Scotland, there are 150 companies
in the civil aerospace and defence equipment industries. These employ over 30,000
Aerospace accounts for 3-4% of manufacturing as a whole. There are three main parts
of the industry in Scotland:
Maintenance, repair and overhaul. The fastest growing part of the industry in Scotland,
with growth concentrated in the west of Scotland.
Manufacture and design. The most widely distributed part of the industry in Scotland
Avionics. The electronic equipment that goes on to aircraft and related products.
This is the most technically advanced part of the industry.
Note: the statistics in this section are for the UK as a whole rather than Scotland
Some 450 companies employ around 20,000 people
Combined sales turnover is over £2.2 billion with exports of £400 millions.
Coatings are produced for a variety of uses, including the automotive sector, marine,
wood finishing, DIY paints, packaging, coatings for plastics, and, in the case of
printing inks, newspapers.
The industry is changing, with the introduction of modern manufacturing systems,
and a strong emphasis on customer service.
Five of the largest manufacturers of coatings in Europe are based in Britain.
The coatings industry comprises a handful of large multinational companies and hundreds
of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Formulations are increasingly sophisticated - protecting, beautifying, insulating,
reflecting light etc.
100 tonnes of ink is used each day for printing newspapers
A jumbo jet needs 2 tonnes of paint.
A new interactive website based on a typical street scene helps young people learn
about careers and products in the process and manufacturing sector. More information
from the sector skills council Proskills.
Scotland’s textile sector is a highly technical industry in a competitive global
market. The industry has an annual turnover of £1,084 million. In recent years the
textile and clothing industry has seen continuous change. Expertise in design, production
and innovation underpin recent success.
There are currently 450 textile companies in Scotland, directly employing over 17,000
After several decades of steady decline in employment numbers, this is now slowing.
Productivity has increased 12% in the last five years. It remains lower than other
manufacturing industries, but the gap is narrowing.
A higher proportion of the workforce is now employed in highly skilled jobs, in areas
such as design and product development.
5.7% of Scottish manufacturing jobs are in the textiles sector.
In the last five years, the proportion of the workforce employed in non-manufacturing
jobs has risen from 15% to 32 % - with managerial and professional occupations accounting
for 13% of jobs.
Average wages in the textile sector remain below the Scottish average, but the gap
has decreased significantly as low skill jobs move offshore.
On the different sectors of manufacturing industry.
SEMTA is the sector skills council for science, engineering and manufacturing technologies.
It represents the following sectors aerospace, automotive, bioscience, electrical,
electronics, maintenance, marine, mathematics, mechanical, metals and engineered
Cogentis the sector skills council for the chemicals and pharmaceuticals, oil and
gas, nuclear, petroleum and polymer industries.
Proskills is the sector skills council for the building products, coatings, extractives,
glass and print industries, which make up the process and manufacturing sector.
Skillfast-UK is the sector skills council for fashion and textiles.
Improve is the sector skills council for food and drink manufacturing and processing.